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Wild Geranium

( Geranium maculatum )

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Wild Geranium
Spotted Cranesbill
Geraniaceae
Geranium
Geranium maculatum
Linnaeus
MB, ON, QC
Characteristics

Wildflower

Deciduous

Sun, Partial Shade

Sand, Loam

Dry, Normal

No

No

No

No
Habitat Considerations

Boreal Shield, Mixedwood Plains

Woodland, Prairie/Meadow/Field

Woodland, Prairie/Meadow
Design Considerations

30 cm

70 cm

Apr - Jun

Purple|Pink

Yes

No


Moth Caterpillars

No

No

No

No


No

Butterflies, Bees

No
Conservation Status



Interesting Tidbits

This plant is believed to be extirpated in Quebec. (Nature Serve) Habitat Information: This plant likes woodland habitats which can be either moist, or dry, as in wooded seeps, forest clearings, and edges, as well as open dry forest such as savannah and meadow within woodlands situations. Chipmunks eat the seeds, and deer forage on the whole plant. (Illinois Wildflowers) Garden Info: This wild geranium looks quite a bit like the cultivated version, but that is a pelargonium. It provides pink purple colour in a shady garden setting that bloom into late spring and summer which is nice in a woodland garden as most bloom early. They like open shade too. Watch the plant as they have a way of thrusting their seeds out of seed pods mechanically when the seed pods dry. (Lorraine Johnson, The New Ontario Naturalized Garden) Plants can get quite large, but do little growing through root propagation when they like where they are, so aren't hard to manage in a garden. (Evergreen) Insect Relationships: Bumblebees, Mason bees, Halictid bees, Andrenid bees, Nomadine Cuckoo bees, Miner bees, and others. Syrphid flies, March flies (Empidae), small butterflies, and skippers. Larval host for the moth caterpillars Lacinipolia lorea (Bridled Arches), Heliothis virescens (Geranium Budworm Moth, Tobacco Budworm Moth), and Hemerocampa leucostigma (White-Marked Tussock Moth). (Illinois Wildflowers) Traditional Edible, Medicinal Uses: The whole plant is antiseptic, astringent, diuretic, styptic and tonic. Has been used in treatment of diarrhoea, dysentry, irritable bowel syndrome, cholera, kidney ailments, bleeding, and other ailments. Used often with other herbs. Externally applied to wounds, haemorroids, thrush, vaginal discharges, mouth inflammation. Plant has large amounts of tannin, especially the root and leaves. The roots are dried and stored in fall, or when plant flowers.(Plants for a Future) Other Uses: Brown dye is made from flowers. (Plants for a Future)


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