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Prairie Smoke

( Geum triflorum )

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Prairie Smoke
Old Man's Whiskers
Three Flowered Avens
Rosaceae
Geum
Geum triflorum
Pursh
Characteristics

Wildflower

Deciduous

Sun, Partial Shade

Clay, Sand

Dry

No

No

No

No
Habitat Considerations

Mixedwood Plains, Prairies

Prairie/Meadow/Field, Alvar

Butterfly, Prairie/Meadow
Design Considerations

20 cm

40 cm

May - Jun

Purple|Pink

Yes

Yes

Brown

No

No

No

No

No


No

Butterflies, Bees

No
Conservation Status

No


Interesting Tidbits

Habitat Information: Although widespread across the Canadian prairies, Prairie smoke has a very restricted range in Ontario. It is one of the best known plants occurring on Carden alvar, Carden township, Ontario, with very uncommon occurrences on Bruce Peninsula alvars. Alvars are a globally imperilled habitat only occurring around the great lakes, and in Sweden. (Couchiching Conservancy) Garden Uses: ""This early bloomer flowers in April to June, then produces its most interesting feature: long feathery hairs or puffs of grey mauve seeds and fruits...a good plant for rock gardens."" (Johnson, L., The new Ontario Naturalized Garden, 1999). This plant will not tolerate competition from larger plants. (Evergreen) Insect Relationships: Bumblebees, (personal observation, 2011; Choberka et al., 2000) and insects that are strong enough to force their way into the flowers. The adult leaf beetle Graphops marcassita, have been observed to feed on prairie smoke (Clark et al., 2004 as cited in Illinois Wildflowers) Traditional Edible, Medicinal Uses: Root decoction has been used to make a tea which tastes somewhat like sassafras. Other Uses: Used as a wash for body aches. Ripe seeds which are aromatic have been used as perfume. (Plants for a Future) Green Roof: This drought hardy plant has been grown in soil levels 5 inches and up with good results. (Evergreen)


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