The leaves were used by First Nations People in the form of a medicinal tea to treat consumption, coughs and other respiratory diseases. The dark shiny stems were also valued for their decorative qualities in basket making. (Ferns of Grey and Bruce Counties)
These ferns first make themselves noticed with their dark red fiddleheads in the Spring. They develop on black stems into shiny green fronds.
They provide protection for toads and lizards. (Wild Flower Centre,LBJ)
Garden Info: This fern has dark black stems, and delicate fronds which radiate in semicircles. It is a wonderful addition to a full shade garden. It does not tolerate drought, drying and strong winds, and neither does it tolerate root disturbance well. (Johnson, L., Grow Wild!, 1998)
The light airy and delicate fronds reach a maxiumum height of 1 to 3 feet, and seem to be easily overtaken by other plants, so it is that they be best placed with smaller or less aggressive plants. (Evergreen) Most ferns do not do well in sun, they want filtered or dappled light (though many will thrive in deep shade). Not surporisingly, many require rich, humusy soil, full of leaf mould. When you are planting ferns, make sure that the base of the crown is at soil level, and supplement the soil with loads of compost. Keep well watered throughout the first growing season. (Evergreen)
CanPlant assumes no responsibility for errors or omissions in the contents of the database. While most entries are accurate, errors may occur. We cannot guarantee the accuracy of the information and we are not responsible for any errors in the information or for any adverse effects relating to the use of the plants or the information. If you notice a problem with the information, please let us know by sending an email so we can correct it.