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SPECIES > Woody Plants > Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

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Bearberry

( Arctostaphylos uva-ursi )

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Bearberry
Kinnikinnick
Red Bearberry
Ericaceae
Arctostaphylos
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
(Linnaeus) Sprengel
Uva ursi uva ursi
Uva ursi procumbens
Arctostaphylos officinalis
Arbutus uva ursi
Characteristics

Shrub

Evergreen

2

Sun, Partial Shade

Sand, Loam

Acidophile

Dry, Normal

Yes

No

Yes

No
Habitat Considerations

Taiga Plains, Taiga Shield, Boreal Shield, Atlantic Maritime, Mixedwood Plains, Boreal Plains, Prairies, Taiga Cordillera, Boreal Cordillera, Pacific Maritime, Montane Cordillera, Hudson Plains

Woodland, Forest Edge, Riparian, Salt Water Shorelines, Alpine, Rocky Bluff, Lakeshores

Rooftop Garden (drought tolerant/shallow rooted), Butterfly, Bird, Woodland
Design Considerations

5 cm

15 cm

May - Jul

White/Cream|Pink

Yes

Yes

Red

Yes

Hoary Elfin (Callophrys polia)| Brown Elfin (C. augustinus)| Freija Fritillary (Boloria freija)

No

No

Yes

No

No

No

Hummingbirds, Butterfly Larvae, Bees

No
Conservation Status

Yes


Interesting Tidbits

Good replacement for invasive groundcover plants such as English ivy, crownvetch, bigleaf periwinkle, common periwinkle. (Wild Flower Centre, LBJ) First Nations used to smoke this before tobacco was available. The Haida used it as a diuretic for kidney diseases and urinary tract infections. The Okanogan-Colville cooked the berries with venison or salmon, or dried them into cakes and ate the cakes with salmon eggs. They are very difficult to transplant from the wild, but softwood cuttings are readily rooted. Seed should be stratified for 3 months at 40C prior to sowing. (Pojar and MacKinnon) A yellowish-brown dye is obtained from the leaves, it does not require a mordant. (Grae. I.) A grey-brown dye is obtained from the fruit. (Moerman. D.) The dried fruits are used in rattles and as beads on necklaces etc. (Moerman. D.)


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