Good replacement for invasive groundcover plants such as English ivy, crownvetch, bigleaf periwinkle, common periwinkle. (Wild Flower Centre, LBJ)
First Nations used to smoke this before tobacco was available.
The Haida used it as a diuretic for kidney diseases and urinary tract infections.
The Okanogan-Colville cooked the berries with venison or salmon, or dried them into cakes and ate the cakes with salmon eggs.
They are very difficult to transplant from the wild, but softwood cuttings are readily rooted. Seed should be stratified for 3 months at 40C prior to sowing. (Pojar and MacKinnon)
A yellowish-brown dye is obtained from the leaves, it does not require a mordant. (Grae. I.)
A grey-brown dye is obtained from the fruit. (Moerman. D.)
The dried fruits are used in rattles and as beads on necklaces etc. (Moerman. D.)
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