Discover more than 5000 plants that are found across Canada. MY ACCOUNT
CanPlant

Yellow Birch

( Betula alleghaniensis )

ADD PLANT TO LIST

Yellow Birch
Swamp Birch
Curly Birch
Gold Birch
Hard Birch
Betulaceae
Betula
Betula alleghaniensis
Britton
NB, NL, NS, ON, PE, QC
Betula alleghaniensis var. fallax
Betula lutea
Betula lutea var. fallax
Characteristics

Tree

Deciduous

Partial Shade, Shade

Loam

Moist, Wet

No

No

Yes

No
Habitat Considerations

Boreal Shield, Atlantic Maritime, Mixedwood Plains

Forest, Woodland, Wet Meadow/Prairie/Field, Riparian, Swamp/Marsh

Pond Edge/Wetland Garden, Woodland, Prairie/Meadow
Design Considerations

1500 cm

2500 cm

Apr - May

Green/Brown

No

No

Green|Brown


Eastern Tiger Swallowtail| Compton Tortoiseshell| Birch Dagger Moth| Chocolate Prominent Moth

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

Squirrels, Birds, Hummingbirds, Butterflies, Butterfly Larvae, Other Showy Insects

No
Conservation Status

No


Interesting Tidbits

This is the largest of the native birches. (Hosie) Never tear bark from living trees; you could scar or even kill the tree. (Kershaw) Crushed foliage and twigs give off an odor of wintergreen. The bark is golden-yellow streaked with grey and brown. (Wild Flower Centre) Inner bark - cooked or dried and ground into a powder and used with cereals in making bread. The sap is harvested in early spring, before the leaves unfurl, by tapping the trunk. It flows abundantly, but the sugar content is much lower than maple sap. The twigs and leaves have the flavour of wintergreen and can be used as condiments. The bark is waterproof and has been used by first nations as the outer skin of canoes, as roofing material on dwellings and to make containers such as buckets, baskets and dishes. (Plants for a Future) The bark is yellowish, shining gray with a thin peeling quality. The leaves change from dark green to brilliant yellow in autumn. Moose, deer and hare forage on leaves and twigs in summer and winter.(Benvie) Insect Relationships: Besides the larvae listed above, the Brown-Shaded Carpet Moth also leaves its larvae. Many aphids, leafhoppers, stink bugs, a number of wood-boring beetles and the larvae of several Birch Sawfly take advantage of this tree's benefits. Mammal Relationships: Because of its thin bark, the Yellow-Bellied Sapsucker drills holes and feeds on the sap. The seeds, catkins, and buds are eaten by such birds as Ruffed Grouse, Common Redpoll, Black-Capped Chickadee, Purple Finch, White-Winged Crossbill and the Slate-Coloured Junco. Among mammals, the Red Squirrels feed on the seeds; the White-Tailed Deer and Cottontail Rabbit browse on seedlings and saplings and the Beaver gnaws on the bark and wood. Some vertebrate animals use birches as a source of cover and reproductive habitat. For example, such species as the Red Bat(Lasiurus borealis), Hoary Bat(Lasiurus cinereus) and Silver-Haired Bat(Lasionycteris noctivagans) use trees for summer roosting sites, maternity colonies, and hibernation. (Illinois Wildflowers)


CanPlant assumes no responsibility for errors or omissions in the contents of the database. While most entries are accurate, errors may occur. We cannot guarantee the accuracy of the information and we are not responsible for any errors in the information or for any adverse effects relating to the use of the plants or the information. If you notice a problem with the information, please let us know by sending an email so we can correct it.