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Hackberry

( Celtis occidentalis )

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Hackberry
Bastard Elm
Nettle Tree
Sugarberry
Northern Hackberry
Western Hackberry
Georgia Hackberry
Cannabaceae
Celtis
Celtis occidentalis
Linnaeus
MB, ON, QC
Celtis canina
Celtis occidentalis var. canina
Celtis occidentalis var. cordata
Celtis occidentalis var. crassifolia
Celtis occidentalis var. occidentalis
Celtis occidentalis var. pumila
Celtis pumila
Celtis pumila var. deamii
Characteristics

Tree

Deciduous

4

Sun, Partial Shade

Clay, Loam

Calciphile

Dry, Normal, Moist

Yes

No

Yes

No
Habitat Considerations

Mixedwood Plains, Boreal Plains, Prairies

Woodland, Savannah, Riparian, Rocky Bluff

Butterfly, Bird, Hedgerow/Thicket/Windbreak/Screening, Woodland
Design Considerations

1500 cm

2700 cm

May

Yellow|Green/Brown

No

No

Black|Purple|Red

Yes

Question Mark| Mourning Cloak| American snout



Yes

Yes



Squirrels, Birds, Butterfly Larvae

No
Conservation Status

No


Interesting Tidbits

Aboriginal peoples made cakes by pulverizing the entire fruit, including the seed, making a nutritious food that could be stored. Also, hackberry extracts were used medicinally, for sore throats, colds and regulation of menstrual periods. Dakota people used the dried fruit as a spice. (Athenic) It provides food for songbirds, groundbirds and small mammals. Older bark is covered with conspicuous, corky projections. Withstands city pollution. (Lady Bird Johnson, 2005) Species tends to get the disease witch's broom.


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