Habitat Information: This plant is unique since it is the most late flowering and seeding shrub or tree in forests, with a bloom time of September to November, blooms lasting often after the last leaf drops. Plant has a unique form of seed dispersal. When ripe the seeds pods break open and seeds are sent flying 30 to 40 feet. (Evergreen)
Garden Uses: The yellow flowers have very crinkled, thin petals, very unique in gardens. Twisting form is nice in modern or Japanese inspired gardens. (Evergreen)
Insect Relationships: Many species of flies, wasps, some species of plant bugs, moths, beetles, bees. For specific species, see Illinois Wildflowers (Illinois Wildflowers)
Traditional Edible, Medicinal Uses: The aromatic extract of leaves, twigs, and bark is used in mildly astringent lotions and toilet water.
Commercial witch hazel, an astringent liniment, is an alcohol extract of witch- hazel bark.
Witch hazel oil has been used in medicines, eye-washes, after shave lotions and salves for soothing insect bites, burns and poison ivy rashes. (Kershaw)
Witch hazel obtains its name from the dowsers, or ""water witches"" who used forked witch-hazel sticks to detect groundwater. This tradition apparently began with First Nations (Mohican). First Nations used witch hazel leaves for tea.
Leaves may persist into winter. (Lady Bird Johnson, 2005)
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