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Sweet Gale

( Myrica gale )

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Sweet Gale
Bayberry
Bog Myrtle
English Bog Myrtle
Dutch Myrtle
Myricaceae
Myrica
Myrica gale
Linnaeus
Gale palustris
Myrica gale var. subarctica
Myrica gale var. subglabra
Myrica gale var. tomentosa
Characteristics

Shrub

Deciduous

1

Sun, Partial Shade

Loam, Humus Enriched

Moist, Wet

No

No

No

No

BC, AB, SK, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, PE, NF, YT, NT, NU
Habitat Considerations

Arctic Cordillera, Taiga Plains, Taiga Shield, Boreal Shield, Atlantic Maritime, Mixedwood Plains, Boreal Plains, Boreal Cordillera, Pacific Maritime, Hudson Plains

Riparian, Swamp/Marsh, Bog/Fen, Lakeshores

Pond Edge/Wetland Garden
Design Considerations

60 cm

150 cm

May

Yellow|Green/Brown

No

No


No

Yes

No

No

Yes

No

Birds

No
Conservation Status

No


Interesting Tidbits

Distinguished from other bog shrubs by its bluegreen leaf color, and unique leaf shape. Leaves are toothed only at the end, which is rounded and wider than the leaf base. Leaves dried to perfume linen, etc., their odor being very fragrant. Catkins or cones, boiled in water, give a scum beeswax, used to make candles. Bark used to tan calfskins; if gathered in autumn, will dye wool a good yellow colour and is used for this purpose in Sweden and Wales. The Swedes use it in strong decoction to kill insects, vermin and to cure the itch. The dried berries are put into broth and used as spice. Should not be eaten by pregnant women, as it is an abortifacient. (Plants for a Future)


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