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White Spruce

( Picea glauca )

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White Spruce
Cat Spruce
Canadian Spruce
Black Hills Spruce
Pinaceae
Picea
Picea glauca
(Moench) Voss
BC, AB, SK, MB, ON, QC, NB, PE, NS, NL, NL, YT, NT, NU
Picea canadensis
Picea glauca var. albertiana
Picea glauca var. densata
Picea glauca var. porsildii
Characteristics

Tree

Evergreen

Sun, Partial Shade

Clay, Sand, Loam

Normal, Moist

Yes

No

Yes

No
Habitat Considerations

Arctic Cordillera, Taiga Plains, Taiga Shield, Boreal Shield, Atlantic Maritime, Mixedwood Plains, Boreal Plains, Prairies, Taiga Cordillera, Boreal Cordillera, Montane Cordillera, Hudson Plains

Forest, Woodland, Riparian, Swamp/Marsh, Rocky Bluff

Hedgerow/Thicket/Windbreak/Screening, Woodland
Design Considerations

2000 cm

3000 cm

Red

No

Yes

Red|Brown


Columbia silkmoth

No

Yes

No

No


Yes

Birds, Other Showy Insects

No
Conservation Status

No


Interesting Tidbits

An important timber tree in Canada. The wood is used extensively by the pulp and paper industry. (Kershaw) The roots of this tree are so pliable that the Aboriginal people often used them for lacing the birch bark of canoes. White spruce is too aromatic for use in making spruce tea, but most of the other spruces make a palatable brew. (Hosie, R.C. - Nat. Trees of CA) Sensory Aspect: Aromatic This species is deer resistant. (Evergreen)


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