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Eastern Hemlock

( Tsuga canadensis )

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Eastern Hemlock
Hemlock Spruce
Canada Hemlock
Pinaceae
Tsuga
Tsuga canadensis
(Linnaeus) Carrière
ON, QC, NB, PE, NS
Characteristics

Tree

Evergreen

3

Partial Shade, Shade

Sand, Loam

Acidophile

Normal, Moist

No

No

No

Yes
Habitat Considerations

Boreal Shield, Atlantic Maritime, Mixedwood Plains

Forest, Woodland, Swamp/Marsh, Rocky Bluff, Lakeshores

Butterfly, Bird, Hedgerow/Thicket/Windbreak/Screening, Woodland
Design Considerations

600 cm

3000 cm

May

Yellow

No

Yes

Brown


Columbia silkmoth

No

Yes

No

No



Birds, Butterfly Larvae, Other Showy Insects

No
Conservation Status



Interesting Tidbits

This is a slow growing tree that does well in moist, well-drained areas out of direct sun and wind. In general, (in the forests) eastern hemlock...may take 250-300 years to reach maturity and may live for 900 years or more. A number of trees can be established and restrained as a garden hedge. It provides shelter and cover for deer, turkey and ruffed grouse. Native peoples used cambium from the tree as a base for bread and soups or mixed it with dried fruit and animal fat to make pemmican. (USDA PLANTS)


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