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SPECIES > Woody Plants > Vaccinium angustifolium

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Lowbush Blueberry

( Vaccinium angustifolium )

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Lowbush Blueberry
Low Sweet Blueberry
Ericaceae
Vaccinium
Vaccinium angustifolium
Aiton
MB, ON, QC, NB, PE, NS, NL, NL
Vaccinium angustifolium var. hypolasium
Vaccinium angustifolium var. laevifolium
Vaccinium angustifolium var. nigrum
Vaccinium brittonii
Vaccinium lamarckii
Vaccinium nigrum
Characteristics

Shrub

Deciduous

2

Sun, Partial Shade

Sand, Loam

Acidophile

Dry, Normal, Moist

No

No

Yes

No
Habitat Considerations

Taiga Shield, Boreal Shield, Atlantic Maritime, Mixedwood Plains, Hudson Plains

Woodland, Forest Edge, Bog/Fen, Rocky Bluff

Rooftop Garden (drought tolerant/shallow rooted), Woodland
Design Considerations

0 cm

60 cm

May - Jun

White/Cream

No

Yes

Blue


No

No

No

No

No

No

Squirrels, Birds, Butterflies, Other Showy Insects

No
Conservation Status

No


Interesting Tidbits

Edible fruit - raw, cooked or used in preserves etc. A very sweet pleasant flavour with a slight taste of honey. Largely grown for the canning industry, it is considered to be the best of the lowbush type blueberries. (Facciola. S.) The fruit can be dried and used like raisins. (Elias. T. and Dykeman. P.) The fruit is about 12mm in diameter. (Huxley. A.) This is the earliest commercially grown blueberry to ripen. (Britton. N. L. Brown. A.) A tea is made from the leaves and dried fruits. [Turner. N. J. and Szczawinski. A.] A tea made from the leaves has been used as a blood purifier and in the treatment of infant's colic. It has also been used to induce labour and as a tonic after a miscarriage. (Moerman. D.) Fruit is readily eaten by a wide variety of birds and mammals. In some areas, it is a particularly important late summer early fall ptarmigan food. Flower buds are readily eaten by ruffed grouse during the winter and are considered a major food source during February in some areas. Other birds include: the American robin, common crow, eastern bluebird, wild turkey, ruffed grouse, spruce grouse, gray catbird, brown thrasher, rufous-sided towhee, northern mockingbird, black-capped chickadee, red-cockaded woodpecker, starling, cardinal, scarlet tanager, Canada goose, herring gull, quail, and thrushes. Mammals that feed on the fruit include: the black bear, red fox, gray fox, eastern spotted skunk, raccoon, red-backed vole, fox squirrel, red squirrel, many species of chipmunks and many species of mice. (USDA Forestry Service)


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